Each year, approximately 200,000 new melasma diagnoses are made. This dermatologic condition is characterized by painless patches of hyperpigmentation. These patches or spots may look brown or greyish. Usually, they develop on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun; the chest, cheeks, nose, and the upper lip. The cause of melasma spots is a heightened reaction to ultraviolet light as it gets absorbed by melanocyte cells. These cells activate to produce more pigment in response to UV light, resulting in small spots or patches of accumulated pigment.
There is no way to cure melasma. Once hyperpigmentation occurs, it may flare up due to hormone changes or sun exposure. Therefore, the strategy that is most commonly discussed is avoiding too much time in the sun. To adequately manage melasma, though, most people who have this condition need a little more help. Some additional strategies that have proven successful include:
We proudly serve patients throughout Teaneck, NJ with medical dermatology and cosmetic laser treatments. To learn more about melasma and how to make your skin behave in light of melasma flare-ups, schedule a consultation in our friendly office. Call 201.836.9696 for assistance.